• Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana was
the largest encyclopedia before

• L’Estaca (“the stake”, figurative
sense “without liberty”) is a song
composed by the Catalan singer-
songwriter Lluís Llach in 1968. The “Premio Planeta de Novela”
is is financially the most valuable
literary award in the world for an
author or book. Awarded since 1952 in Barcelona by the Spanish publisher Grupo Planeta.

• Where to watch Castellers, human towers, in Barcelona? The main “castells” season is from April to October but you can find them all year round depending on festival dates.

The Senyera is the flag of Catalonia. The legend features Ramon Berenguer painting the bars with his own blood on a yellow shield

April 3rd 1493 The Catholic Kings receiving Columbus in the monastery of Sant Jeroni de la
Murtra in Badalona, Barcelona.
• September 11th commemorates the fall of Barcelona during the War of the Spanish Succession in
1714 and the subsequent loss of Catalan institutions and laws.
• Tragic Week (July 25th-August 2nd 1909) was a series of violent confrontations between the
Spanish army and anarchists, freemasons, socialists and republicans of Barcelona and other cities in Catalonia.

The fall of the city January 26th 1939, that will be followed by 40 years of dictatorship
• The Catalan independence movement is a social and political movement which seeks the independence of Catalonia from Spain.
• Most traditional names are Mercè, Montse, Nuria, Eulalia, Xavi, Francesc, Pau, Pep, Joan and Albert.



Antoni Gaudí, Josep
Puig i Cadafalch, Lluís Domènech i Montaner, Oriol Bohigas.


Josep Pla, Mercè Rodoreda, Jacint Verdaguer, Joan Maragall, Quim Monzó, Pere Calders, Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, Maruja Torres, Terenci Moix, Eduardo Mendoza, Albert Espinosa.


Salvador Dalí, Joan Miró, Pablo R. Picasso, Ramón Casas, Santiago Rusiñol, JM Subirachs.


Ferran Adrià, Roca Brothers, Carme Ruscalleda, la meva àvia.



Pau Gasol, Kílian Jornet, Mireia
Belmonte, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, Gervasio Deferr, Pep Guardiola, Marc Marquez, Gemma Mengual, Alexia Putellas


Pau Casals, Tete Montoliu, JM.
Serrat, Jaume Sisa, Montserrat Caballé, José Carreras, Pau Donés, Lluis Llach, Rosalía, Peret, Estopa.


More: Ildefons Cerdà, Pompeu Fabra, Ernest Lluch, Ignacio Barraquer, Valentí Fuster, Vicenç Ferrer, Eduard Punset, Paco Ibañez, Bigas Luna, Isabel Coixet, Ventura Pons, Alfonso Arús, A. Buenafuente, Pepe Rubianes, Mercedes Milà, Eugenio, La Trinca, Sardà, El Tricicle.

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